The history of Kolonya
It is known that Eau de Cologne was produced in 1690 by a peddler whose name was Jean Paul Ferris living in Cologne, Germany. There is no information about who invented Eau de Cologne before this date. Feminis handed his recipe to the Giovanni Antonio Farina; and then Farina handed this recipe to his nephew, Giovanni Maria Farina. The nephew Farina continued to work on the recipe and produced the first cologne and called it as pleasant lavender essence. Cologne production was spread to the France in the beginning of the 19th century, and it was produced as Eau de Cologne there. However, today the whole world knows this scent as cologne.
Cologne was also used for medical purposes
When invented, cologne was used for medical purposes for a while rather than a cosmetic product. The formula of the recipe had rosemary, orange flower, bergamot and lemon.
Cologne used as cleaning agent
Beyond the medical purpose, cologne was also used for cleaning purposes in the 18th century. During the most turbulent years of the class struggle, heavy perfume was defeated by the refreshing odor of the cologne – becoming a symbol of purity.
The Colognes appearance in Ottoman Empire
Cologne first appeared in Ottoman Empire during the first years of the reign of Abdul Hamid II. Ahmet Faruki was the first cologne producer in Turkey. It was colloquially named as “odikolon”, named after “kolonya” in Turkey by Faruki.
Embedding in the Turkish culture
Produced easily and being affordable, the cologne was immediately spread all over Turkey. Then, it became a part of the ritual of offering guests upon arrival to homes. Even today, the same ritual continues as a tradition in Turkish society.
Variety of cologne’s were produced
Cologne became one of the most important traditions in Turkey. Today, different regions have different cologne types. Golden drop of Izmir (Altın Damla), citrus flower of Antalya, tea cologne of Rize and many more.
Having an important part in Turkish culture, cologne continues to maintain its importance from the celebration of religious holidays and household visits.